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Delegation of Frosinone Postal History 
 
The Apostolic Delegation of Frosinone was an administrative division of the Papal States prior to the unification of Italy in 1870.  Frosinone is near the main road between Rome and Naples, and is approximately 90 kilometers south-east of Rome, and 150 kilometers north-west of Naples. 
 
The Delegation of Frosinone was previously part of the administrative division of Campagna e Marittima (Campaniæ Maritimæque) dating back to the 12th century.  During the Napoleonic occupation, the territory was part of the Departement de Rome, corresponding roughly to the current region of Lazio.  The Delegation of Frosinone was established by motu proprio (a type of Papal decree) of Pope Pius VII in 1816.  Popes Leo XII and Gregory XVI subsequently changed the boundaries of the delegation by motu proprio.  The Papal enclave of Pontecorvo, surrounded by the Kingdom of Naples, was part of the Delegation of Frosinone, until it became part of the Kingdom of Italy in 1860.  The Papal States fell to the Kingdom of Italy on September 20, 1870, when Italian troops entered Rome.  After reunification, the Delegation of Frosinone was part of the District of Rome until 1927, when the Province of Frosinone was created.  The modern day Province of Frosinone includes most of the territory of the Delegation of Frosinone, plus part of the Terra di Lavoro which was previously part of the Kingdom of Naples.  Piperno (now known as Priverno) and six neighboring towns that were part of the Delegation of Frosinone are now part of the Province of Latina.
 
Frosinone was one of 40 "Direzione Postale" (Post Office of Direction) in the Papal States, and was responsible for a "circondario" of 41 subsidiary villages and towns.  Within the circondario, Anagni, Ferentino, Ceprano, Piperno, and Veroli were first class distribution offices. 
 
Postal Rates
Prior to January 1, 1864, postal rates in the Papal States were based upon the "Tosti Law" named after its author, Cardinal Tosti.  The Tosti postal rates are highly complex, based upon postal "distances" which were actually geographic divisions having nothing to do with the measured distance between post offices, "radius" within a "distance" and the "circondario" surrounding each "Direzione Postale."  
 
Distance I was comprised of Umbria and Latium, Distance II was the Marches, and Distance III was the Romagna.  The Distances can be seen on this 1844 Map of the Papal States.  Distance I was subdivided into Radius I (Umbria), Radius II (Rome and Civita Castellana), and Radius III (Latinum).  The delegation of Frosinone was part of Distance I, Radius III.  Common postal rates for the Delegation of Frosinone are as follows:
 
Letters within the same Direzione Postale (within the Delegation of Frosinone) - Baj. 1
Letters sent to an adjacent Direzione Postale (e.g. Velletri) - Baj. 2
Letters sent to a non-adjacent Direzione Postale within the same postal distance (e.g. Roma) - Baj. 3
Letters from Distance I, Radius III to postal distance II - Baj. 6
Letters from Distance I, Radius III to postal distance III - Baj. 7
 
Beginning January 1, 1864, the rate was Baj. 2 for letters within the greatly reduced territory of the Papal States.  In 1867, the Papal States changed its currency from bajocchi and scudi to lire and centesimi.  In the new currency, the rate was 10 centesimi.
 

Post Offices of the Delegation of Frosinone 

 Acuto

Alatri

Anagni

 Anticoli

Arnara

Bauco

Castro

Ceccano

 Ceprano

Collepardo

Falvatera

Ferentino

Filettino

Frosinone

 Fumone

Guiliano

Guarcino

Maenza

Mte. S. Gio in Cam

Morolo

Paliano

Patrica

Piglio

Piperno

Pisterzo

Pofi

Pontecorvo

Prossedi

Ripi

Roccagorga

Roccasecca

S. Stefano

 Serrone

Sgurgola

Sonnino

Supino

Torre

 Torrice

Trevi

Trivigliano

Veroli Vico 

 

References:

Mario Gallenga, Storia Postale Italiana Parte IV, I Bolli del Lazio: Dalle Origini alla Fine del XIX Secolo (1976).

 

Susan and Stephen Luster, "Papal States Postal Rate Revision of 1844: Part 1" Mare Nostrum No. 15 (Spring 1985).

----, "Papal States Postal Rate Revision of 1844: Part 2" Mare Nostrum No. 16 (Spring 1987).

 

Sassone S.R.L. Antichi Stati Italiani Territori Italiani dell'Impero Austriaco, Levante Austriaco, Regno Di Vittorio Emanuele II, Regno d'Italia, 2º Volume: Gli Annullamenti (2002).

 

Luigi Sirotti, and Giorgio Colla, Dagli Stati Preunitari al Regno d'Italia (1859-1862), Storia Postale Volume I (1999).

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