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David M. Richardson operated a match factory in Detroit Michigan. Richardson had both 1¢ and 3¢ stamps engraved in 1864. The 3¢ die was approved September 22, 1864 and the 3¢ stamp was issued in vermilion between September 1864 and February 1865. The 3¢ stamp was issued in blue between February 1865 and August 1875.

D. M. Richardson 3¢ Stamp


While the 3¢ blue stamp was in use, Richardson decided to use a 3¢ strip stamp, similar to the private die match stamps used by American Match Co., and others. By letter dated July 8, 1869, Joseph Carpenter pointed out that Richardson’s model was 8½ inches long, and that, given the printing plate dimension of 11¾ by 14¾ inches, there would be substantial waste, unless Richardson were to cut the length of the strip to 7¼ inches.

D.M. Richardson Essay

Carpenter prepared an essay, which was approved August 16, 1869. On May 30, 1870, Carpenter wrote to Richardson that, “inasmuch as the stamp is unsuitable for you, although not by reason of any fault on my part, and you do not at present intent to use it I propose to accept from you half its price or one hundred seventy five dollars.”