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Cross Border Mail To From And Through The United States And The Maritime Provinces Until Confederation.  This on-line collection addresses mail exchanged between the United States and the Maritime Provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island.  On July 1, 1867, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia joined with Canada East and Canada West to form the Dominion of Canada.  Prince Edward Island joined Canada on July 1, 1873.  This exhibit is limited to pre-confederation mails.
 
Select a topic from the navigation bar at left, or click on a link below.
 

Early Cross Border Mail  With no roads connecting the US and the Maritime Provinces, mail was carried by the monthly Falmouth Packet, ship captains, or hand carried out of the mails. 

 
Ship Letters From the Colonial era through Confederation, ship captains carried mail between the US and the Maritime Provinces.

Land Mail (Pre-Treaty) Most mail was carried by land after the opening of the St. Andrews Exchange Office in 1817.

Cunard Line Packet Mail From 1840 through 1867, Cunard Line steamers were an important mail route between the Halifax and the US; however, this route was never covered by a postal treaty.

Boston to Saint John Steamboat Mail (Pre-Treaty and Treaty) The Boston to St. John Steamboats initially carried ship letters, then were used by independent mails and expresses, and finally were used by US Post Office Route Agents to carry the mails.

  

Treaty Rates The United States and the Maritime Provinces entered into a postal arrangement in 1851.

 

Treaty Exchange Offices and Markings

These markings were used on treaty mail.

Mail To, From, Or Through Third Countries Cross-Border Mail sometimes was carried to, from and through third countries.